types of drawings

Types of Drawings used in Building Construction

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Drawings are vital to start a construction project. There is a multitude of drawings needed for a variety of purposes. The article aims to enlighten you about the various types of construction drawings.

Construction drawing management furnishes measurements in detail and offers a transparent section of the building parts. Once the drawings are reviewed and justified, these are modified and finally approved for construction purposes.

Read below the different types of construction drawings used in a construction project:

  1. Architectural Drawing

In the drawing management, architectural drawing can be called as the mother of all the drawings used in the construction process. These drawings provide a complete view of a building such as the location of the building, all the building parts they are placed. Architectural drawings have many types such as elevation, section, plan, etc.

Site Plan

It is the main drawing used for marking a plan on the ground. It shows the location, information about the site’s topography, orientation, site work, and landscaping utilities.

Working Plan

This plan provides the information of horizontal dimensions of the building, spaces inside the building, thickness of the wall, and column location. In short, it shows all the openings needed such as windows, doors and the ventilators.

Elevation

An elevation drawing presents the information of size and shape of the external surface, openings, the height of a building and finish of the building after the completion. These drawings are often prepared after having a view of the structure.

  1. Structural Drawing

Structural drawings are considered as the backbone drawing of a building in drawing management. It comprises all the information regarding the structural intervention coming on a structure. It involves many drawings with minute details and description.

General note

It is about the codes and laws of the building. There is no drawing in it, just the details of the structural drawings such as lapping lengths, concrete mix, abbreviation, curing time, and other work procedures.

Excavation Drawing

The drawing shows the footing excavation dimension, footing plan, column position and grid lines of the column.

Column Layout

This type of drawing displays the orientation and the position of columns and column reinforcement details.

Plinth Beam Layout

The drawing displays the position and section of the plinth beam, the dimensions and the details of reinforcement in the plinth beam.

Lintel Beam Layout

The drawing displays the position and section of the lintel beam, the dimensions and the details of reinforcement in the lintel beam.

Roof Beam and Shuttering Layout

This drawing displays the details of reinforcement of a roof beam, the sections, and the shuttering details.

Roof Slab Layout

The drawing shows the details of reinforcement of a roof slab, the sections and the openings in the roof for a variety of purposes including stairs or skylight.

  1. Electrical Drawings

Electrical drawings present the details of the location of the switches, electrical fixtures, light, fan and more. It shows the load calculation, wiring path and other interventions including AC and UPS with the components, and finally tapping for electricity.

  1. Plumbing Drawing

Plumbing drawings provide the location of the sanitary, fixture, piping for sanitary and the whole process of connecting every fixture in drawing management.

  1. Finishing Drawings

In drawing management, finishing drawings display the finish type of every component of the building such as painting color, flooring pattern, false ceiling, shape, elevation design, and plastering fixture.

Other Types of Drawings

  1. Technical Drawings

It refers to a drawing that depicts the manner in which something functions and how it is constructed. Technical drawings have just one meaning as compared to the artistic drawing which is expressive and is interpreted in different manners. A number of drawings prepared during the design and construction of buildings should be considered as technical drawings.

  1. Engineering Drawings

It can be said to be the type of a technical drawing which can be utilized for defining the requirements for engineering products or components. Generally, an engineering drawing aims to capture all the geometric features of a part or product so that an engineer or manufacturer can develop the needed item.

  1. Construction Drawings

Construction drawings or working drawings display a dimensioned and graphical information which can be utilized by the contractor to construct the works or by the suppliers to make up components of the works or to assemble or to install the parts. The drawings are prepared by the designers and passed on to the construction team to construct a project.

Summing up

There is no standard rule for drawings needed for a construction project. It depends on the type of building and requirement. These days there are enough project management tool drawing available to make things efficient.

 

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